(SOLVED) Demonstrate competency in checking, drawing
9. Demonstrate competency in checking, drawing, administering, and documenting IM medication. IM injection into injection pad supplied by instructor.
10. Demonstrate competency in checking, drawing, administering, and documenting Sub-Q medication. Sub-Q injection into injection pad or peer.
11. Demonstrate competency in checking, drawing, administering, and documenting ID medication. ID injection into injection pad or peer.
Expert solution Preview
Before administering an IM injection, it is important to:
- Verify the correct medication, dose, and route of administration as prescribed by the healthcare provider.
- Confirm the patient's identity using two unique identifiers, such as name and date of birth.
- Assess the patient's medical history, allergies, and contraindications to the medication.
- Explain the procedure to the patient and obtain informed consent.
- Prepare the equipment and medication, ensuring that they are within their expiration dates.
- Follow proper hand hygiene and personal protective equipment protocols to prevent the spread of infection.
Administering the IM injection:
- Choose an appropriate injection site, such as the deltoid, vastus lateralis, or dorsogluteal muscle.
- Clean the injection site with an antiseptic solution, using circular motions from the center to the periphery.
- Using a new, sterile syringe and needle, draw up the prescribed medication, tapping the syringe to remove air bubbles and ensure accurate dosage.
- Hold the syringe like a pencil and use your dominant hand to insert the needle at a 90-degree angle into the injection site.
- Slowly inject the medication, using a steady, controlled pressure on the plunger.
- Remove the needle and apply gentle pressure to the injection site with a cotton ball or gauze to prevent bleeding.
- Dispose of the used syringe and needle in a sharps container according to local regulations.
Documenting the IM injection:
- Record the medication, dose, route, and time of administration in the patient's electronic health record or medication administration record.
- Note any adverse reactions, complications, or patient responses to the medication.
- Sign and date the documentation to indicate that the medication has been administered.
In summary, competency in checking, drawing, administering, and documenting IM medication requires attention to detail, adherence to safety protocols, and effective communication with the patient. It is also important to maintain ongoing professional development and stay up-to-date with the latest nursing standards and guidelines.